Typography is the most important component of graphic design.
Typography is an art form that is best used when a person is familiar with the basic rules of topography.
This article is going to cover all the typography basics that you need to know.
Typography Anatomy is a special vocabulary that helps to describe parts of the individual letters in a typeface.
For more detailed information on specific parts visit A Visual Guide to the Anatomy of Typography. This is an amazing infographic guide that breaks down typography anatomy in detail.
Spacing / Kerning
There are four key alignment options: Left, Center, Right and Justified. In t-shirt design alignment is used interchangeably, however, the common alignments include center & left.
There are a few easy ways to make your content stand out. Contrast can be created by scaling, adding weight, using a different form, adjusting the structure, or switching up the colors.
Use Different Form
Mix Different Colors
We have a whole blog post about color psychology. Colors help to draw attention to something important but too many colors weaken the effectiveness of the use of different colors.
Hierarchy is used to arrange elements in graphics in a way that it flows well for the viewer’s eyes.
Not all fonts look good together. The more fonts you use, the busier your artwork becomes. In order for your font to be readable, you want to limit the number of fonts to two or three. Especially on apparel, it’s important to prioritize readability. Readability attracts customers to purchase.
Same Font: Same family font with different weight
Here, I simply paired together Aileron Regular with Aileron Thin to give the viewer an illusion of clean and non-conflicting typefaces.
Different Font: Use two entirely different fonts to showcase the contrast
In this particular instance, you want to make sure you don’t use two decorative fonts.
Pretty fonts are fun but that doesn’t mean they are easy to read. Audience that can’t figure out what you are trying to say won’t purchase a product from your store.
Choosing Font For Your Business
Whether you are starting a new business or a brand new collection, it is important to know what vibe your audience should expect from you.
Every font has a unique personality. Choose wisely. You don’t want to give up a wrong vibe.
Example: A seller is selling apparel that supports Military Veterans. That seller might want to consider using more traditional font rather than something playful. In order to be a respected business, your fonts should match the business’s overall objective.
Font that is considered traditional, classic, or formal. See examples below.
Fonts that are considered modern, edgy and very readable. See examples below.
Fonts are considered fancy and up-close personal. See font examples below.
Fonts are considered quirky & creative. See examples below.
Where To Find FREE Fonts
What Format To Install
TTF (True Type Format) – TTFs are more limited because they don’t offer a wider range of characteristics.
OTF (OpenType Format) – OTF format include special characters (Glyphs).
- Language character sets
- Old-style figures
- True small capitals
- Titling letters
- Contextual and stylistic alternates